World Geography GK Questions

World Geography GK Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. Objective Questions on Physical Geography and World Geography for Competitive Examinations.

1. Granite is an example of:

[A] Intrusive igneous rock
[B] Extrusive igneous rock
[C] Sedimentary rock
[D] Metamorphic rock

A [Intrusive igneous rock]


Intrusive igneous rocks are formed from magma that cools and solidifies within the crust of a planet, surrounded by pre-existing rock (called country rock); the magma cools slowly and, as a result, these rocks are coarse-grained. Granite is the example of Intrusive Igneous rock.

2. Anatolia is a part of which among the following ?

[A] Australia
[B] Asia
[C] North America
[D] Antarctica

B [Asia]


Anatolia or Asia Minor constitutes the central part of turkey. It is bounded by the Tarus Mountain in the south, the black sea in the north, and the Aegean Sea in the west, while the eastern boundary is formed by the Mount Ararat and the Armenian knot. Anatolia is plateau having undulating topography. The national capital of turkey (Ankara) is located in its central part.

3. Which among the following is NOT taken into account while choosing an orbit of the Satellite?

[A] Earth’s radius
[B] Gravitational force of the earth
[C] Mass of the satellite
[D] Distance from Earth

C [Mass of the satellite]


Mass of satellite is not taken into account while choosing an orbit of the satellite. Gravity place a key role. The radius of earth, distance from earth are taken into consideration.

4. During which of the following events the distance between Sun and Earth is maximum? 

[A] Aphelion
[B] Perhelion
[C] Summer Solsitice
[D] Winter Solsitice

A [Aphelion]


Earth is closest to the sun (perihelion), around 3rd January

Earth is farthest from the sun (aphelion), around 4th July

5. Western Australia is characterized by which of the following __________?

[A] maximum waterfalls
[B] maximum coral reefs
[C] maximum sea caves
[D] maximum deserts

B [maximum coral reefs]


The western Australia is characterized by the coral reefs. It has the great coral reef which is even visible from space. Due to global warming they are impacted a lot.

6. Karen people are ethnic groups found in which of the following?

[A] Myanmar and Thailand
[B] Africa
[C] India
[D] China

A [Myanmar and Thailand]


The Karen are an ethnolinguistic group. They are of Sino-Tibetan language-speaking ethnic groups. They are found in Myanmar and Thailand.

7. Horse latitudes are High Pressure Subtropical Calm belts which make an area that receives little precipitation and has variable winds mixed with calm. These latitudes lie between which of the following?

[A] between 20 and 25 degrees both north and south
[B] between 30 and 35 degrees both north and south
[C] between 25 and 30 degrees both north and south
[D] between 30 and 35 degrees north only

B [between 30 and 35 degrees both north and south]


The horse latitudes are also known as the sub-tropical high-pressure belts. The tropical region has a low-pressure winds whereas the subtropic has a high-pressure winds system. It is between 30 and 35 degrees both south and north of the equator.

8. Adelaide is the capital of which of the following territories of Australia?

[A] South Australia
[B] Queensland
[C] Western Australia
[D] Northern Territory

A [South Australia]


The capital of Australia is Canberra. The Capital of South Australia is Adelaide. Australia is divided into 6 zones. Perth is the capital of West Australia. Darwin is the capital of Northern Territory.

9. What is Chernozem?

[A] Deltaic alluvial soil
[B] Lateric soil
[C] Red and yellow Soil
[D] Black Soil

D [Black Soil]


Chernozem is a black-colored soil. It contains a high percentage of humus and high percentages of phosphoric acids, phosphorus, and ammonia. Chernozem is very fertile and can produce high agricultural yields with its high moisture storage capacity.

10. Which of the following correctly defines a Tidal flat?

[A] a submerged lagoon bed that only emerges at low tide
[B] an artificial water body that is subject to the ebb and flow of tides

[C] an area along a coast where a river empties into an ocean or sea

[D] an equatorial region where the tidal range is lowest

A [a submerged lagoon bed that only emerges at low tide]


The first option is the correct answer. A tidal flat is a lagoon bed that only emerges at low tide and hence is not suitable for colonization by pioneer plants.

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